Parental Investments into Children: Does Parents’ Job Flexibility Matter?
Roma Keister, Warsaw School of Economics
Iga Magda, Warsaw School of Economics (SGH)
The aim of our paper is to analyse the relationship between parental employment, its level of flexibility and parental time investments into children. Using data from a large panel survey of Polish households carried out in 2013 and 2014 (Determinants of Educational Decisions Household Panel Survey, UDE) we investigate how parents' employment status influences the amount of time spent on child care activities, and how this link differs for parents with higher and lower socioeconomic status. We account for division of work and care within families, differentiating between dual earner couples, single breadwinner families and single parent families. Our results show that working individuals and working couples are characterised by more intensive parenting compared to non-working ones. However, parental invetsments into children appear to be determined mainly by parents’ educational backgrounds and their socio economic status, while the extent of working time flexibility in their jobs does not influence the time they spend with children on educational activities.