Long-Term Active Ageing Opportunities in Europe
Nicole Van der Gaag, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI-KNAW)
Anne Goujon, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU)
In several studies, educational attainment is identified as an important factor for older people’s longevity, health and participation. Increasing levels of educational attainment among the elderly therefore, may improve active ageing opportunities and may result in declining differences between younger and older age groups. This may relieve the consequences of population ageing. At the same time, however, it may lead to increasing diversity within the group of elderly as older people with a low educational background may become a more selective group.
In this paper we study the mutual impact on population ageing in Europe of changes in the relative size of young and old age groups as well as the level of educational attainment of young and old generations. We use population projections by age, sex, country and level of educational attainment for the period 2010-2050 and focus on three domains of active ageing: participation in employment, informal care for the elderly and participation in voluntary work. The aim of the paper is to identify country-specific optimal long-term policy responses to population ageing.
Presented in Session 1129: Ageing and Intergenerational Relations