Fertility Intentions and Their Realization in Couples: Does the Division of Household Chores Matter?
Zuzanna Brzozowska, Vienna Institute of Demography
Isabella Buber-Ennser, Vienna Institute of Demography
Bernhard Riederer, Vienna Institute of Demography
The present paper aims at contributing additional knowledge to fill this gap. In particular, we want to discuss potential mechanisms behind the interplay between the division of family work and (further) childbearing. Data from the first two waves of the Gender and Generations Survey of four European countries (Austria, Hungary, France, and Poland) is employed to study the link between the division of family work and childbearing in couples. Our main interest is in the effect of the division of household chores and the satisfaction with this division on (a) fertility intentions and (b) their realization. We assume that (1) relationship satisfaction mediates effects of the division of work while (2) at the same time both, sex as well as parity moderate these effects. In addition, we also explore the role of breadwinner models (division of professional work within couples) and childcare. Results support our mediation hypothesis and emphasize the role of parity as a moderator. While the division of work is highly relevant for intentions, it is hardly relevant for their realization.