On Different Paths: Precursors and Outcomes of Pathways into Adulthood in Hungary
Lívia Murinkó, Hungarian Demographic Research Institute
We use longitudinal data from four waves of the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey (2001–2012). We follow the 1981–1983 birth cohort between ages 18–20 and 29–31. The roles that are usually associated with the transition to adulthood were measured with the same dummy variables in each wave: participation in full-time education, being employed, living together with one or both parents, living with a partner or spouse, being a parent. The method of two-step latent class analysis was used.
Our results indicate that the transitory period between adolescence and adulthood can be characterised by quite different role configurations and it is not a uniform phase of the life course. Four different pathways were identified. The most common one is characterized by prolonged education and delayed family formation (43%). 24% of young people become employed early and form their own family late; 18% belongs to the “early family formation” group. Interestingly, the pathway that resembles the traditional, linear model of transition to adulthood the most (educated pathway with family) is the least frequent (15%). The four different pathways differ regarding their precursors and outcomes. Our results suggest that both becoming independent “too early” and “being stuck” in the postadolescent life phase may be associated with social disadvantage.
Presented in Session 120: Transitions to Adulthood