Patterns of White Avoidance, Residential Mobility, and Integration in Diverse Cities and Communities
Daniel Lichter, Cornell University
Domenico Parisi, Mississippi State University
Theresidential attainment literature overwhelmingly focuses on the residentialmobility of blacks or other racial and ethnic minority populations intopredominately white or middle-class neighborhoods (as measured by medianincome, housing values, or low crime rates). In this paper, we shift attentionfrom the usual concerns about residential integration and attainment amongracial minorities to emerging patterns of spatial integration and segregationamong whites in Americas growing multiracial communities and neighborhoods(Frey 2013).
We asked two questions: (1)Do U.S. whites avoid or move into racially diverse cities and suburbs; and (2) Iswhite exposure to diversity expressed within placesat the block level? Weargue that white residential mobility involves two distinct but interconnected processesof racial sorting which operate at different spatial scales. Residentialintegration and segregation is revealed in macro processes at the place level andin micro processes at the neighborhood level. Specifically, racial sorting involves(1) residential mobility between places (i.e., between origins anddestinations with different racial compositions), and (2) neighborhood residentialattainment within destination places (i.e., moving into segregatedneighborhoods).
Data and Methods. Toaccomplish our goals, we use newly available proprietary household data fromthe Panel Survey of Income Dynamics (PSID) linked with population data at themetropolitan, place, and block level. We concatenate 20 years of person-yearrecords from multiple waves of the PSID to spatial data from the U.S. decennialcensuses and American Community Survey. The PSID began in 1968 with anationally representative sample of about 18,000 individuals living in 5,000 households.
Presented in Session 1220: Internal Migration and Urbanization