Partner Selection in a Late 19th Century Urban Setting: Census-Based Evidence from Tartu, Estonia
Mark Gortfelder, Tallinn University
Hannaliis Jaadla, University of Cambridge
Martin Klesment, Tallinn University
This paper aims to contribute to the literature by analysing heterogamous versus homogamous partner selection in the late 19th century urban marriage market in Tartu, Estonia, using the First Russian Imperial census in 1897. We ask whether educationally heterogamous marriage was more associated with certain groups, potentially contributing to their social mobility. The analysis focuses on four main characteristics: socio-economic background (education), ethnicity, age, and place of birth. We apply different regression models to estimate the probability of ending up in a heterogamous union and to analyse the age gap between spouses. With churches' marriage records linked to the census data, transition to first marriage can be analysed to estimate the determinants of the timing and probability of homogamous and heterogamous marriages. Preliminary results indicate a higher proportion of heterogamous unions among individuals with medium or high education. The results also suggest that a higher than primary education and foreign background made it more likely that men were able to marry younger wives.
Presented in Poster Session 2