Gender Equality across Generations. Does Grandparents Education Affect Couples' Division of Parental Leave?

Johan Dahlberg, Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA)
Sofi Ohlsson Wijk, Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA)

A substantial literature has shown that such as fertility, family formation and marital disruption are transmitted across generation. Less frequently studied is the intergenerational transmission of gender equality and its potential impact on family demographic behavior in adulthood. The objective of this study is to analyze the impact of gender equality within family origins on a specific family demographic behavior - (un)equal use of parental leave - in the second generation. Using register data with information on both the first and second generation we analyze if growing up in a household with high educational attainment increase the probability for a more equal use of parental leave for couples who became parents between 2000 and 2010. The main finding is that educational level in both husband and wife's family of origin is positively correlated with a more equal use of parental leave, even after controlling for the couple's own educational level.

Presented in Poster Session 2